Hungarian Urheimat (magyar őshaza) is the home territory of Hungarian speakers. The term Urheimat is borrowed from linguistics and there is a tendency to think that it is used only in discussions about the origin of a language. When applied to the national origin of the Hungarians, it refers to the region where the ancestors of the Hungarian people formed an ethnic unity, spoke Old Hungarian, and practiced nomadic pastoralism. Researchers agree that the Urheimat in the ethnogenetic sense was located somewhere in the steppe zone south of the Urals.
- One point of view is that the Urheimat Hungarian is the same as the speakers of Ugric languages - in the western region of the Ural Mountains. The moment when the proto-Hungarians moved west from the eastern regions of the Ural Mountains and settled in Bashkiria (at the confluence of the Kama and Volga rivers) is still a subject of research. Their move could have been caused by the migration of peoples in the 4th century, but it could be related to the appearance of a new archaeological culture (Kushnarenkovo culture) in the region in the 6th century.
- Another point of view is that according to which the Hungarian Urheimate is roughly the territory of the Yugra east of the Urals, where the Khanty and Mansi populations currently live. Yugra is considered by some researchers to be the Urheimate of the Ob-Ugric languages (a hypothetical branch of the Uralic languages) and not the older Ugric languages. Therefore, the region in the west of the Urals, in the vicinity of the Kama river, would be the Urheimat of the Ugric languages. Therefore, the Hungarians formed in this Urheimat in the western Urals, the development of their language being influenced by the Komi language.
- Approaches based on “map layering” have compared cemeteries, ornamental motifs, leather or felt clothing, mythological images, sacrificial altars, folk music and poetry, delegative songs plus written documents and genetic research to designate as the most likely Hungarian urheimat region of richly vegetated plains between four freshwater lakes: Caspian, Aral, Balkhash and Baikal. Starting from this region, the proto-Hungarians would have migrated westward, probably by several routes, mainly through the Yekaterinburg “gate” in the southern Urals (as the cemeteries would indicate), to Levedia and finally to “Etelköz” ( considered the cradle of the Hungarian people), where they became allies of the Khazars. Genetic research has demonstrated the connections of the Hungarians with the Uyghurs of eastern Eurasia, in the region of the city of Ürümqi (China).
On the other hand, it seems that a number of researchers believe that this concept of urheimat is outdated from a scientific point of view, since peoples have a continuous development.